Wildlife conventionally denotes the untamed animal species including all animals that nurture in wild which is an area deprived of humans. Wild animals contribute to 4% of the world's mammals. Researchers have projected that there must be 8.7 million animal species existing on Earth, which means there are 7.5 million species yet to be discovered.

However, we see that wildlife is in severe threat by humans. Habitat loss and destruction, fragmentation, or degradation of habitat, deforestation, poaching, hunting, roadkill, electric fences, plastic pollution, urbanization and wildlife conflicts are the primary threats to the survival of wildlife throughout the world.

According to data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, over 8,400 species of wild fauna and flora are critically endangered, while close to 30,000 more are understood to be endangered or vulnerable. Based on these estimates, it is suggested that over a million species are threatened with extinction.

Continued loss of species, habitats and ecosystems also threatens all life on Earth, including us. People everywhere rely on wildlife and biodiversity-based resources to meet all our needs, from food, to fuel, medicines, housing, and clothing. Millions of people also rely on nature as the source of their livelihoods and economic opportunities.

To deal with this continuous loss of wildlife and never-ending threat to the ecosystem as a whole World Wildlife Day is celebrated every year on 3rd March. This day is celebrated to raise awareness about the importance of wildlife.

This year of 2022, this day is going to be celebrated under the theme  “Recovering Key Species For Ecosystem Restoration”. This is expected to draw consideration to the conservation status of the most censoriously threatened species of wild fauna and flora, and to initiate negotiations to imagine and implement solutions to conserve them. All dialogues will be stimulated by and pursue to update efforts concerning the accomplishment of UN Sustainable Development Goals 1 (No Poverty), 2 (Zero hunger), 12 (Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns), 13 (Climate Action), 14 (Life Below Water) and 15 (Life on Land) .

About the Author: Maryam Eqan is an Executive In-chief and Founder of The Earth Needs Love. She believes in youth engagement and activism for environment, climate, and sustainable development.