Groundwater: Making Invisible Visible

World Water Day is celebrated on 22nd of every March since 1993, which focuses on the importance of water present anywhere on the planet. Celebrating this day make nearly 2.2 B aware about water issues. This is all about taking action and accepting challenge to solve global water issues.  World Water Day main focus is to support accomplishment of Sustainable Development Goal no 6: Water and Sanitation for all by 2030.

 This year the theme of World Water Day is “Groundwater, making the invisible visible”. Let’s first discuss, what is groundwater. It is the freshwater which is present underground in aquifers. Aquifers are the areas or we can say water stored in geological formations. This water is not stagnant, this water feeds lakes, springs rivers and wetlands. Groundwater is mainly recharged by the rain, snow and hail infiltrating the ground and recharging the aquifer. This water is then extracted with the wells and used in our daily life.

This groundwater provides most of the drinking water to the whole world, out of that water 40% water is used for irrigation and 1/3 of water is used by industry. Groundwater sustains ecosystems, maintains the rivers and prevents the land subsidence and seawater intrusion. Almost all agriculture land depends upon on groundwater.   

Life would not be possible without groundwater. Most arid areas of the world depend entirely on groundwater. Groundwater supplies a large proportion of the water we use for drinking, sanitation, food production and industrial processes. We need to preserve and protect the overuse and over extraction of the groundwater for our survival. These days we also face the problem of contamination of water, which is mainly due the overexploitation of geological resources and industrial activities. As fertilizers are used in large amount which not only crops but also in process on runoff deplete the quality of groundwater in the process of percolation.

The sustainable use of the groundwater ultimately makes it sure that it will be available for everyone and this will ultimately prevent climate change and meeting population needs.

In process of climate change adaptation groundwater plays an important role and is considered as solution for people to access water. 

Anthropogenic activities including population and economic growth and climate variability has increase the pressure on consumption of groundwater use. Depletion and contamination of groundwater is also being observed at various location of the world and a few locations it is not consumable.  

Keeping in view the problems discussed, world water day on groundwater would put highlight the issue and enhance the knowledge and further increased awareness among the people.


About the Author: Meraj Ahsan Qureshi is a young motivated EHS official , dedicated to aware and create positive change in society.