Record wildfires in Brazil’s Amazon Rainforest highlight growing concerns over deforestation and development of the Amazon. Fires there are often intentionally set for agricultural purposes but sometimes escape their intended boundaries. The wildfires in 2019 and 2020 are particularly intense, with over eighty thousand fires reported and more than three million hectares burned, an area larger than the state of Massachusetts. Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who critics say has allowed increased deforestation, initially refused global aid but later accepts $12 million from the United Kingdom. Many experts blame the beef and soy industries for much of the deforestation; some estimates show cattle ranching is responsible for up to 80 percent of rainforest loss. Brazilian conglomerate JBS S.A., the largest meat processor in the world, pledges to improve its cattle-purchasing practices after investigations link some of its suppliers to illegal deforestation.