mean “ to avoid the unnecessary, harmful and non-biodegradable things that we use”. It is first and most preferable option in 5R’s hierarchy.

To restrict the quantity of material in first step then it is easy to move it in sustainable manner. If we follow this in daily life routine and in business, effectively minimize the waste production and less burden on last step disposal that has positive effect on environment.

For example, buy such products that are biodegradable like instead of use synthetic plastic use biodegradable plastic or avoid to take plastic, refuse disposable items etc.

By: Urooj Fatima is a young and enthusiastic environmental intellect. She believes to aware the world with real time environmental and climatic issues.